Celebrate Endangered Species Day (19 May 2017) by learning more about Iowa endangered and threatened animals and plants. Find more information about Iowa’s Wildlife Resource Base here and scroll down to “Current Status of Wildlife in Iowa.”
Iowa’s wildlife has changed tremendously since Euro-American settlement (160 years ago). Many species have been extirpated. Others’ populations have dwindled to the point they now are listed as endangered. Still others have increased in number and range size. Many once extirpated have been reintroduced and now have stable populations. Wide ranging species (e.g., black bear, wolf, mountain lion, moose) occasionally reappear in Iowa as their populations in nearby states increase.
In Iowa, 47 animals and 64 plants are listed as endangered (populations are low, scientists feel the species could become extinct). Another 89 plants and 35 animals are listed as threatened (populations are declining, may become endangered). A species can be listed as endangered or threatened at the state or federal level, depending on the extent of the area where the population is declining. Federally endangered species found within a state’s borders automatically are placed on the state list. Endangered species lists constantly change.
Many endangered or threatened species are specialists (have very restrictive habitat needs, eat only a few foods, or require specific kinds or sizes of habitat). The leading cause for a species becoming endangered or threatened is habitat loss.
- Living On The Edge: Profiles of Federally Listed Species in Iowa
- Iowa’s Threatened and Endangered Species Program
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Endangered Species
- Endangered Species Coalition
Activities to use while studying endangered species, some have additional Iowa information:
- Here Today, Gone Tomorrow – students become familiar with the various designations of animals such as threatened, rare and endangered; conduct research; and make a master list of threatened and endangered animals locally or nationally, including factors that affect the animals’ condition
- Planting Animals – students will describe reasons for “transplanting” animals and identify one animal that has been transplanted in their state
- Too Close for Comfort – human behavior in shared habitats with wildlife
- A Whale of an Issue – evaluate the possible impact of wildlife issues on alliances and other relationships between and among nations
- Aquatic Roots – categorize local aquatic plants and animals and evaluate the appropriateness of introducing new species
- Migration Headache – list limiting factors affecting habitats and populations of migrating waterbirds, predict the effects of these limiting factors and describe the effects of habitat loss and degradation of populations of migrating waterbirds
Cross-reference to these WILD Resources units for additional resources: