Celebrate Endangered Species Day (20 May 2022) by learning more about Iowa endangered and threatened animals and plants. Find more information about Iowa’s Wildlife Resource Base here and scroll down to “Current Status of Wildlife in Iowa.”
Iowa’s wildlife has changed tremendously since Euro-American settlement (160 years ago). Many species have been extirpated. Others’ populations have dwindled to the point they now are listed as endangered. Still others have increased in number and range size. Many once extirpated have been reintroduced and now have stable populations. Wide ranging species (e.g., black bear, wolf, mountain lion, moose) occasionally reappear in Iowa as their populations in nearby states increase.
In Iowa, 47 animals and 64 plants are listed as endangered (populations are low, scientists feel the species could become extinct). Another 89 plants and 35 animals are listed as threatened (populations are declining, may become endangered). A species can be listed as endangered or threatened at the state or federal level, depending on the extent of the area where the population is declining. Federally endangered species found within a state’s borders automatically are placed on the state list. Endangered species lists constantly change.
Many endangered or threatened species are specialists (have very restrictive habitat needs, eat only a few foods, or require specific kinds or sizes of habitat). The leading cause for a species becoming endangered or threatened is habitat loss.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) submitted a proposed rule for the delisting of 23 species from the Endangered Species Act due to extinction, on 29 September 2021. FWS took public comments (only 6 were filed) on their proposed rule for delisting the species. In January 2022, FWS announced they would hold a public meeting and reopen he comment period on the proposed delisting of the ivory-billed woodpecker. That session was held 26 January 2022. The next steps will be for FWS to develop a final rule, taking into account public comments and input from the public meeting about the ivory-billed woodpecker. FWS will have to send their final rule to the Office of Management and Budge (OMB) for review. OMB can take up to 90-days to review the final rule. Once OMB has completed their review, FWS would publish the final rule in the Federal Register.
- Iowa’s Threatened and Endangered Species Program
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Endangered Species
- Endangered Species Coalition
Activities to use while studying endangered species, some have additional Iowa information:
- Here Today, Gone Tomorrow – students become familiar with the various designations of animals such as threatened, rare and endangered; conduct research; and make a master list of threatened and endangered animals locally or nationally, including factors that affect the animals’ condition
- Too Close for Comfort – human behavior in shared habitats with wildlife
- A Whale of an Issue – evaluate the possible impact of wildlife issues on alliances and other relationships between and among nations
- Aquatic Roots – categorize local aquatic plants and animals and evaluate the appropriateness of introducing new species
- Migration Headache – list limiting factors affecting habitats and populations of migrating waterbirds, predict the effects of these limiting factors and describe the effects of habitat loss and degradation of populations of migrating waterbirds
Cross-reference to these WILD Resources units for additional resources:
- Project WILD – Iowa’s Wildlife Resource Base, Iowa’s Wildlife Habitats, Wildlife Management, People and Wildlife
- Aquatic WILD – Aquatic Life, The World in a Pond, People, Land, and Water